However, despite the progress, Kurdish and international women's rights organizations still report problems related to gender equality, forced marriages, honor killings and in Iraqi Kurdistan also female genital mutilation (FGM).

Knowledge about the early history of Kurdish women is limited by both the dearth of records and the near absence of research.

The revival of commerce and restoration of law and order in the region of Halabja is attributed to her sound judgement.

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He met one of these female chiefs named Lady Adela in the region of Halabja in 1913.

She was known for saving lives of many British army officers during World War I and was awarded the title of Khan-Bahadur by the British commander.

The ascend of the Islamist conservative Justice and Development Party (AKP) to power in Turkey from 2002 brought with it a regressive agenda concerning women's role in society.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan infamously stated that "a woman who rejects motherhood, who refrains from being around the house, however successful her working life is, is deficient, is incomplete." The motivation to join has been described as such: "Women join the PKK to escape poverty.

In traditional Kurdish literature, both matriarchal and patriarchal tendencies are found.

In the Ballad of "Las and Khazal" (Beytî Las û Xezal), female tribal rulers openly compete over a lover, while in patriarchal contexts, women are subject to male violence.Mestureh Ardalan (1805–1848) was a Kurdish poet and writer. European travelers sometimes noted the absence of veil, free association with males (such as strangers and guests), and female rulers.Vladimir Minorsky has reported several cases of Kurdish women running the affairs of their tribes.It has also increased the visibility of women in social life as well as the influence of women in political life," with female political candidates increasing significantly even in the ruling Islamist AKP party.In the Kurdish dominated south-east, among women, the rate of illiteracy in 2000 was nearly three times that of men.Sharaf ad-Din Bitlisi's also mentioned three Kurdish women assuming power in Kurdish principalities after the death of their husbands in order to transfer it to their sons upon their adulthood.