In fact, the television's mother board has a complex firmware too.

is a type of computer program that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.

An example is Rockbox as a firmware replacement for portable media players.

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A television remote control is an example of an engineered product that contains firmware.

The firmware monitors the buttons, controls the LEDs, and processes the button presses in order to send the data in a format the receiving device, in this case, a television set, can understand and process.

As originally used, firmware contrasted with hardware (the CPU itself) and software (normal instructions executing on a CPU).

It was not composed of CPU machine instructions, but of lower-level microcode involved in the implementation of machine instructions.

Most computer peripherals are themselves special-purpose computers.

Devices such as printers, scanners, cameras and USB flash drives have internally stored firmware; some devices may also permit field upgrading of their firmware.This may require ROM integrated circuits to be physically replaced, or flash memory to be reprogrammed through a special procedure.Firmware such as the ROM BIOS of a personal computer may contain only elementary basic functions of a device and may only provide services to higher-level software.As of 2010, modern vehicles also employ computer-controlled anti-lock braking systems (ABS) and computer-operated transmission control units (TCUs).The driver can also get in-dash information while driving in this manner, such as real-time fuel economy and tire pressure readings. Examples of firmware include: or to change the provider of a service associated with the function of the device, such as changing from one mobile phone service provider to another or installing a new operating system.The Apollo guidance computer had firmware consisting of a specially manufactured core memory plane, called "core rope memory", where data were stored by physically threading wires through (1) or around (0) the core storing each data bit.